punicae; fruit yield, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Jayalakshmi Krishnappa, All content in this area was uploaded by Jayalakshmi Krishnappa on May 14, 2018, Indian Institute of Horticulture Research, Chettalli, Kodagu, K, (Received: 29 July 2015; accepted: 14 October 2015). Management of bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. The disease was, comparatively less during hastabahar, this may be, due to the presence of unfavorable factors for the. The PCR amplification of gyrB gene resulted in production of an amplicon size of approximately 500 bp which confirmed the pathogen as Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. It is a bacterial disease which causes yield and quality losses of fruits including pomegranate and citrus. The average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare in demonstration plots. punicae, of late, has become a major constraint in important pomegranate producing states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh of India. Etiology, survival and chemical Presently, the disease occurs widely and outbreaks have been recorded in all major pomegranate-growing states including Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. manihotis. However, conventional PCR-AGE detected pathogen at the onset of disease symptoms with a detection limit of 10 pg of bacterial DNA. Additionally, the long shelf life of pomegranate encourages huge demand in domestic and international markets. Sohi H.S., Jain S.S., Sharma S. L. and Verma B. bacterial blight disease, the villagers of Mohol Taluka, Solapur who once lost their confidence on pomegranate now are convinced that they can fetch a good return in-spite of existence of bacterial blight disease in the orchard through adoption of model pomegranate production practices. Plant Disease Scenario biodegradable and relatively cost effective. Gradually, the center … has become an increasingly serious threat for pomegranate growers of the states Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra and Karnataka State of the Indian Subcontinent. Bacterial blight. New records of plant disease from Himachal Pradesh. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al” was conducted in the laboratories of Department of Plant Pathology and experimental farm of Department of Fruit Science during the year 2012 to 2014. The average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare in demonstration plots. An attempt was made to establish nutrient sufficiency range for imparting moderate disease resistance and … Crop loss. Interesting facts about Bacterial Blight of pomegranate: The disease “bacterial blight of pomegranate” and isolation of its causative agent Xanthomonas was first reported by Dr. Hingorani in 1951. Fruits exhibit isolated water-soaked lesions followed by necrosis with small cracks, leading to splitting of the entire fruit. punicae, Xap is a serious threat to commercially successful pomegranate (Punica granatum L) crop. 5.81 lakhs, when compared to untreated control. punicae (Xap) is a major disease of pomegranate in India. Mostly the disease occurred on leaves, stems and fruits. 38.51% with average yield levels of 2.07 tons per hectare. has become an increasingly serious threat for pomegranate growers of the states Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra and Karnataka State of the Indian Subcontinent. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Indian Phytopath. incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. Pomegrante (Punica granatum L.), so called "fruit of paradise" is one of the major fruit crops of arid region. Bacterial blight has become an increasingly serious threat for pomegranate cultivation causing yield losses up to 80% under epidemic conditions. PCR coupled with agarose gel electrophoresis (PCR-AGE), PCR coupled with capillary electrophoresis (PCR-CE) and real-time PCR (qPCR) were applied for the early and accurate diagnosis of bacterial blight in pomegranate. punicae, Xap is a serious threat to commercially successful pomegranate (Punica granatum L) crop. Xap genome (4.94 Mb) is >99% identical to Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. • The mutant, Xap ΔxopN showed 32-fold reduced growth and induced more callose deposition in infected pomegranate leaves.. We demonstrate the role of XopN in determining the bacterial … University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad karnataka India. Over the past few decades, bacterial blight has created havoc among pomegranate cultivators in India especially in Recently this disease was also observed in Rajasthan. Bacterial blight of pomegranate, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. During the last five to six years, farmers are. bacterial blight disease to pomegranate has become serious threat. The incitant of citrus canker. Bacterial blight, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. facing a severe threat from bacterial blight disease. punicae (Xap) is a major disease of pomegranate in India. Control Bacterial Blight in Pomegranate, Control Diseases in Pomegranate. Leaf blight is associated with high relative humidity, wet weather, and cool spring temperatures (15-25 degrees C or 60-75 degrees F). Similarly 71.14% severity was reported in Bellary district. punicae, which was once deemed as a minor important disease and became a serious threat for pomegranate production resulting in severe yield losses both in terms of quality and quantity. Xap produces smooth, circular, light yellow, glistening mucoid, butyrous and convex colonies with entire margins. Banglore, 1987, Bacterial blight develops on the upper leaves of during periods of cool, wet weather, after the plants have reached the boot stage. citri, encodes 4,385 protein coding genes, 50 tRNA and 3 rRNA genes 11. Precise and early diagnosis of bacterial blight is crucial for active surveillance and effective management of the disease. Giridhar R. Disease Devastates Karnataka Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. The highest yield was, recorded in Streptocycline + COC and followed by, Streptocycline + Copper hydroxide treatment 6.12. and 5.91 tonnes/ha respectively (Table 5b). You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD! Dr. Richa Nair. The disease manifests itself on all aerial parts of the plants such as leaf, stem, and fruits. ICAR- NRCP conclusively proved that the causal organism was a bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis pv punicae and that no other pathogen was involved with this disease. Pseudomonas fluorescens is an antagonistic to Xanthomonas citri (Hasse) Dye. The e-book database EBC; Audiovisual media; Research data; Alliance and national licences This is the major obstacle and limiting factor in Maharashtra state which alone accounts for 80% of cultivated area, particularly in Nashik, Solapur, Sangli and Ahmednagar districts. bacterial blight of pomegranate ppt - With Download link - Bacterial blight is one of the most devastating disease of pomegranate in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Plant Disease Scenario, in Southern India, held at Bangalore (India) on. Negative reaction for gram staining and positive for KOH solubility test indicated the gram negative nature of the bacteria. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al. punicae using sensitive PCR techniques, In vitro and inviyoevaluation of chemicals against Xanthomonas vesicatoria, the causal agent of bacterial leaf spot of chillies, Management of bacterial blight of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae (Hingorani and Mehta 1952; Hingorani and Singh 1960). punicae, considered to be a minor disease, was reported as bacterial leaf spot in the 1950s. Screening of different botanicals and bactericides by in vitro method revealed the superior efficacy of bactrinashak at 0.05% (20 mm inhibition zone) followed by streptocycline (0.05%). Pomegranate is one of the major cash fruit crops grown in India. Bacterial blight of pomegranate (Punica granatum) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Pomegranate,DRIS,CND,Nutrient imbalance indices, Bacterial blight disease: Publisher: Journal of Plant Nutrition: Citation: Not Available: Series/Report no. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Dye has become an increasingly serious threat to pomegranate growers in the states of Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh in India. Recently this disease, was also observed in Rajasthan. punicae was isolated from the infected plant material collected from the field. malvacearum and X. axonopodis pv. punicae) in recent years has become one of the most serious diseases of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) in all the major pomegranate states (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat) of the country resulting in … a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. DNA-based disease diagnostics using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are reliable, precise, accurate and quick. Non-pathogenic Ceuthospora phyllosticta was also isolated from infected nodes. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Pomegranate is one of the major cash fruit crops grown in India.Theblight disease ofpomegranate, when first reported, was known to be caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Crop: Pomegranate, Scientific Name: Punica granatum, Family: Punicacea. The disease was most severe in Karnataka and recorded in a range of 60 to 90 percent incidence. the year 2002, growers are in dire straits due to severe outbreak of bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Symp. Pomegranate bacterial blight appeared as an epidemic in Bangalore, Karnataka, India, causing 60-80% yield losses. Thus, this study has been undertaken to assess the effect of plant growth regulators (PGR s) and signal molecules on disease incidence of bacterial blight in addition to its impact on yield and productivity under field condition in disease endemic area. punicae, of late, has become a major constraint in important pomegranate producing states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh of India. Ramesh Chand noticed this disease on leaves. punicae is a major disease of pomegranate. punicae, once deemed as a disease of minor importance broke out severely during 2001-2002 in all the pomegranate growing areas of northern Karnataka. : Not Available; Abstract/Description: Bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. has become an increasingly serious threat for pomegranate growers of the states Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra and Karnataka State of the Indian Subcontinent. The disease resulted in heavy loss of fruit yield and quality. Agric. A. The disease was very severe in Mrig bahar. Integrated disease management practices like selection of disease free seedlings, use of organics, proper spacing, pruning time, method of pruning, sanitation, sufficient rest after harvest and use of antibiotics with copper fungicides have proven well in reducing the severity of bacterial blight of pomegranate. The average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare, in demonstration plots. We undertook a systematic … punicae (Xcp) has emerged as a potential threat in pomegranate (Punica granatum) cultivation in India. Hence, use of plant products against the pathogen is, essentially required to minimize the use of, chemicals and is considered as one of the. 5.81 lakhs, when compared to untreated control. A considerable range of variations were observed with respect to colony colour, appearance and Fuscan pigment production on different media tried. followed by Copper hydroxide, COC each at 0.25%, Streptocycline at 0.05%, Pathonil at 0.5% and, disease severity, all the chemicals were found to, be significantly effective with the record of lowest, disease severity ranged between 12.56 to 24.56 PDI, on leaves, 22.60 to 38.69 PDI on stem and 10.15 to, efficacy of Streptocycline or other bactericides, effective in control of bacterial blight of, pomegranate with the sprays of Streptocycline or, K cycline or bacterinol-100. The incitant of in Southern India, held at Bangalore (India) on punicae (Xap) is a major constraint of pomegranate cultivation and production 4. Here we report the efficacy of nanocopper in suppression of growth as well as in the watersoaked lesions induced by Xap. experiment was planned and executed during, chemicals and two bioagents and an untreated, control were evaluated for their efficacy in disease, control on pomegranate diseased leaves, stem and, revealed that, Streptocycline + COC (0.05%+0.25%), (0.05%+0.25%) were significantly effective than all, other chemicals in minimizing the disease incidence. Pseudomonas, bacteria, blight, disease control, enzymes, leaves, pathogenicity, plantlets, pomegranates, ribosomal RNA, sequence analysis, surveys, India Abstract: In the past few decades, pomegranate production in India has greatly suffered from a highly catastrophic bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Initially, there are small, water-soaked lesions on the lower surface of the leaves. : Not Available; Abstract/Description: Bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Plant Disease, ... www.nature.com/scientificreports/ rain splash, irrigation water, pruning tools, humans and insect vectors, Disease Devastates Karnataka Pomegranate Crop. qPCR detected bacterial blight in orchards that did not show any disease symptoms. Recently this disease was also observed in Rajasthan. punicae is a major disease of pomegranate. Hence yield increased 6.12 tons, which worth Rs. This is the first report of bacterial blight on pomegranate in South Africa. Growth characteristics of the pathogen were studied by using differential and semi-selective culture media viz., XAN-D Agar, MSSXAN Agar, Yeast extract Sucrose, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. 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